What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a complex chronic disease. It is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. This causes your blood glucose to be too high.
What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes?
- Being very thirsty
- Urinating often
- Losing weight without trying
Most people with diabetes do not have any symptoms. It is important to contact your health care provider if you have any of these symptoms.
Who is at risk for diabetes?
The risk for diabetes goes up with age, weight gain, and inactivity. It is also more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders. Additional risk factors include:
- High blood pressure (140/90 or above)
- Family history of diabetes
- Diabetes during pregnancy or having a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds at birth
What can you do to lower your risk for diabetes?
- Lose weight if needed
- Be active most days of the week
- Eat low-fat meals that include vegetables, fruits, and whole grain foods