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Treat Your Diabetes Well

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November is National Diabetes Month. Here's to managing your diabetes for a longer, healthier life.

There isn't a cure yet for diabetes, but a healthy lifestyle can really reduce its impact on your life. What you do every day makes the difference: eating a healthy diet, being physically active, taking medicines if prescribed, and keeping health care appointments to stay on track.

Diabetes by the Numbers

-More than 30 million US adults have diabetes and 1 out of 4 of them don't know they have it.
-At least 1 out of 3 people will develop diabetes in their lifetime.
-Medical costs for people with diabetes are twice as high as for people without diabetes.
-Risk of death for adults with diabetes is 50% higher than for adults without diabetes.

The Basics

More than 30 million people in the United States have diabetes, but 1 out of 4 of them don’t know they have it.

There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant, which can put the pregnancy and baby at risk and lead to type 2 diabetes later).

With type 1 diabetes, your body can't make insulin (a hormone that acts like a key to let blood sugar into cells for use as energy), so you need to take it every day. Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 diabetes; about 5% of the people who have diabetes have type 1. Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes.

Most people with diabetes 9 out of 10 have type 2 diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, your body doesn't use insulin well and is unable to keep blood sugar at normal levels. If you have any of the risk factors below, ask your doctor if you should be tested for diabetes. The sooner you find out, the sooner you can start making healthy changes that will benefit you now and in the future.

Type 2 diabetes risk factors include:

-Having prediabetes (blood sugar levels that are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes).
-Being overweight.
-Being 45 years or older.
-Having a parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes.
-Being physically active less than 3 times a week.
-Ever having gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds.

Race and ethnicity also matter: African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Pacific Islanders, and some Asian Americans are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes.

You can lower your risk for developing type 2 diabetes by losing a small amount of weight if you’re overweight and getting regular physical activity. A small amount of weight loss means around 5% to 7% of your body weight, just 10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person. Regular physical activity means getting at least 150 minutes a week of brisk walking or a similar activity. That's just 30 minutes a day, five days a week.

For more info go to: https://www.cdc.gov/features/livingwithdiabetes/in...