If you detect symptoms of frostbite, which is the freezing of the skin and body tissue beneath the skin, in either yourself or another person, seek medical care IMMEDIATELY. Additionally, hypothermia occurs when one’s body temperature drops to dangerously low levels, so, before addressing symptoms of frostbite, first determine whether you or someone else is showing signs of hypothermia.
UNDERSTANDING WIND CHILL
As the wind increases, your body is cooled at a faster rate, causing the skin
temperature to drop. This is why it sometimes “feels” colder than the
actual temperature. Wind chill is the temperature it “feels like” when you
are outside. The NWS provides a Wind Chill Chart to show the difference
between air temperature, and the perceived temperature, and the amount
of time until frostbite occurs.
SIGNS OF HYPOTHERMIA
SIGNS OF FROSTBITE
Loss of feeling and white or pale appearance in extremities, such as fingers, toes, earlobes, face, and the tip of the nose.
WHAT TO DO
Cover exposed skin, but do not rub the affected area in an attempt to warm it up. Frostbite results in the formation of ice crystals in the tissue, and rubbing could damage the tissue. Seek medical help immediately. For more information, visit the CDC’s page on frostbite and hypothermia.